About Tianjin/天津

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Establishment of Tianjin

The name of Tianjin, meaning "the Emperor's Port", came into being in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

The area of Tianjin first appeared in historical documents in the Tang Dynasty(618-907) as San Hui Hai Kou (literally "estuary of three rivers").

Adjacent to the sea and rivers, Tianjin enjoys distinct geographical advantages. After the opening of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal in the Sui Dynasty (581-618), Tianjin became an important node between the canal and the sea, hence a hub of waterway transportation. Tianjin has played a significant role in the economic exchanges and development between the North and South of China.

After the middle period of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Tianjin became a hub for the transportation of grain and silk from the south to the north. The establishment of Zhiguzhai in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) and Haijin Town in the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368) demonstrated both Tianjin's military significance and its role as a center of grain transportation.

In 1400, Zhu Di led his army southward across the river through what is Tianjin today and seized power in 1403, when the reign was changed to Yongle. In 1404, Tianjin was established as a military base. In 1405 and 1406, 2 garrisons (wei) were deployed on the left and right of Tianjin, respectively. In 1652, the garrisons and the town were merged into one, collectively known as "Tianjin Wei". The building of the town and garrisons was therefore a key period in the history of Tianjin, and the prosperity of river transport paved the way for the later development of Tianjin. Since its founding in 1404, Tianjin has existed as a city for 614 years till 2018.

Modern Tianjin

Tianjin is one of the first Chinese cities to come in contact with modern western civilizations. After 1860, Tianjin became a pioneer of opening in the north and a base of "Westernization Movement", breaking new grounds in military modernization and the development of railway, telegraph, telephone, modern education, etc.

In the first half of the 20th century, Tianjin developed into a center of foreign trade, industry and finance in northern China, the second largest industrial and commercial city in modern China, and an economic center in northern China. Thanks to the economic radiation and impact of Tianjin, unprecedented progress was made in the modernization and opening-up of various industries in northern China, which greatly improved the overall economic strength of northern China and stopped the downward trend of the economic status of the northern region in the country at that time, making this place once again one of the regions with a high level of economic development in the country.

Advantageous Location

Tianjin is located on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, in the convergence zone of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Urban Agglomeration and the Bohai-Rim Economic Circle. It is also the meeting point between the eastern Land Silk Road and the northern Maritime Silk Road in the Belt and Road Initiative, as well as a starting point of the Sino-Mongolian-Russian Economic Corridor. Backing onto North, Northeast and Northwest China, it boasts vast economic hinterland. Facing Northeast Asia and the Asia-Pacific economic circle, it is an important window for China's participation in regional economic integration and economic globalization, as well as a channel for landlocked countries to have access to the sea. The port resources constitute the core strategic resources and the greatest advantages of Tianjin: Tianjin Port sea routes now cover all the major ports in the world; the world's top 3 shipping alliances have all opened their largest liner lines with Tianjin Port. Now, Tianjin Port is on its way of becoming a "golden node" on the 21st century Maritime Silk Road.

Blessed with 5 strategic opportunities (namely the coordinated Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei development, the construction of the free trade pilot zone, the construction of independent innovation demonstration zone, Belt and Road Initiative, and the opening up of Binhai New Area), the advantages of Tianjin's location have become more prominent, and urban vitality and competitiveness have been further inspired. Tianjin will give full play to its advantages in location, ports and industrial clusters, focus on deepening the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei cooperation, serve China's new strategy of opening-up to the outside world, and strive to become a new fulcrum of the Belt and Road Initiative and a hub of global resource allocation.


天津,意为“皇港”,始于明朝(1368-1644)。
天津地区最早出现在唐代(618-907)的历史文献中,称为“三回河口”。
天津毗邻海洋和河流,享有独特的地理优势。 隋朝(581-618年)京杭大运河通车后,天津成为运河与海洋之间的重要枢纽,因此成为水路运输的枢纽。 天津在中国北方和南方之间的经济交流和发展中发挥了重要作用。
唐代中期(618-907年)之后,天津成为从南部到北部的谷物和丝绸运输枢纽。金朝(1115-1234)的直固寨和元朝(1206-1368)的海津镇的建立,既展示了天津的军事意义,也展示了天津作为粮食运输中心的作用。
1400年,朱棣率军通过今天的天津向南越过江河,并于1403年将位改为永乐,夺取了政权。 1404年,天津成立为军事基地。在1405年和1406年,分别在天津的左侧和右侧部署了2个驻军。 1652年,驻军与城镇合并为一个,统称为“天津魏”。因此,城镇建设和驻军建设是天津历史上的关键时期,内河运输的繁荣为天津的后来发展铺平了道路。自1404年成立以来,到2018年为止,天津已有614年的历史。
天津是最早接触现代西方文明的中国城市之一。 1860年以后,天津成为北方开放的先驱和“洋务运动”的基地,为军事现代化和铁路,电报,电话,现代教育等的发展开辟了新天地。
20世纪上半叶,天津发展成为中国北方的对外贸易,工业和金融中心,现代中国的第二大工商业城市和中国北方的经济中心。得益于天津的经济辐射和影响,华北各产业的现代化和对外开放取得了空前的进步,大大提高了华北的整体经济实力,阻止了华北经济地位的下降趋势。当时是该国的主要地区,使这个地方再次成为该国经济发展水平很高的地区之一。
优越的地理位置
天津位于太平洋西海岸,在京津冀城市群与环渤海经济圈的交汇处。它也是“一带一路”倡议中东部陆地丝绸之路与北部海上丝绸之路的交汇点,也是中蒙俄经济走廊的起点。回到中国北部,东北和西北,它拥有广阔的经济腹地。面对东北亚和亚太经济圈,它是中国参与区域经济一体化和经济全球化的重要窗口,也是内陆国家出海的通道。港口资源构成了天津的核心战略资源和最大优势:天津港口海路现已覆盖世界所有主要港口;世界三大航运联盟都已在天津港开设了最大的班轮运输公司。现在,天津港正在成为21世纪海上丝绸之路的“黄金节点”。
天津拥有5个战略机遇(即京津冀协同发展,自由贸易试验区建设,自主创新示范区建设,一带一路倡议和滨海新区开放),优势 天津的地理位置更加突出,城市活力和竞争力得到了进一步的激发。 天津将充分发挥区位,港口和产业集群的优势,着力深化京津冀合作,服务中国对外开放的新战略,努力成为“一带一路”的新支点。 公路倡议和全球资源分配中心。